In English, the consonant “g” may be pronounced in any number of ways. In Italian, consonants such as “c” and “g” are pronounced differently depending on which vowels they precede.
In German, all nouns have gender (masculine, feminine, or neuter) and number (singular or plural). Both the definite article “the” and the indefinite article “a” agree with the gender and number of the noun they modify.
What is “animal” in Italian? Animale. What is “difficult” in Italian? Difficile. What is “to study” in Italian? Studiare. If all Italian words were such close relatives to English words, they would be far easier to learn. These types of words, united by a common heritage (Latin), are called “cognates.”